Basic First Aid for Dogs

Table of Contents

“Basic First Aid for Dogs”Dogs are part of families worldwide. It is not easy to see your four-legged friend hurting.

Every year, thousands of pets are abandoned or left behind when their owners evacuate during natural disasters. People often worry about their safety and forget about the safety of their four-legged friends.
However, there are many ways to keep your dog safe in an emergency.

Keeping your dog on a leash when outside is vital to ensure his safety. Have your dog’s ID tags and other identifying information if they get lost or separated from you.

Emergency preparedness supplies (emergency food, water, first aid kit) are available for your pet. Always carry identification in case they get lost or separated from you. Put your dog’s name and number on the tag.

In case you get separated from your dog, always carry your ID with your full name and contact information on one side of the tag and a phone number for the shelter or emergency vet on the other.

List of suggestions to assist a dog hit by a car.

  • Check for injuries: If the dog is alive, it is essential to check if they have any damage.
  • If the animal is breathing, check if it can move its limbs. If an animal cannot move its body parts, seek medical attention immediately.
  • Check for signs of Heat Stroke, mainly if the dog has been outside in extreme heat for an extended period.
  • Make sure the animal is not in shock. Follow up with a vet visit if it is still experiencing symptoms of shock.
  • Call for help: If your pet is in danger of losing blood too quickly or you can’t stop the bleeding yourself, call for emergency veterinary assistance as soon as possible.
  • Take care of the injuries: If your pet is injured, take care of those injuries as soon as possible. You should seek medical attention for any severe wounds that may need stitches or emergency surgery to prevent them from worsening.
  • Watch for car accidents: If you are driving and see a dog run out into the road ahead, slow down and observe before moving forward to avoid hitting it.

What Should a “First Aid Kit for a Dog” Include?

The first thing that you need to do is to buy a kit. You can either buy a pre-made kit or make your own. Either way, you are going to need the following items:

  • A pet first aid book
  • A pet first aid kit
  • Nail clippers and Grooming shears
  • Cotton swabs
  • Gauze pads
  • Antiseptic wipes
  • Hydrocortisone cream or anti-itch cream
  • Tweezers for removing ticks and stingers
  • Some disinfectant for the wound
  • A pair of gloves
  • A ceramic tile, if needed
  • Tape
  • Razor

How to Recognize and Help with Breathing Difficulties in Dogs

Dogs may have breathing difficulties for various reasons, some of which are more common than others.

  • Allergies
  • Barometric pressure
  • Chemicals-Congestion
  • Inhalation of dust, grass, or dirt
  • Intoxication

Pneumonia/Respiratory Infection: Which can lead to airway obstruction and the inability to breathe.

When your dog is having difficulty breathing, the first thing to do is check his airway. If any obstruction is clear, you need to check his breathing. Is the chest moving up and down? Is he making any sound? If yes, he may need some water or asthma medication. However, if there is no movement or sound, you need to call for an emergency.

Chest Pain: Chest pains should be evaluated for the presence or absence of other symptoms, such as shortness of breath, fever, night sweats, and weight loss.

Sudden Onset and Shortness of Breath with Cough or Tightness in the Chest: This can signify that the dog is experiencing an obstructed airway and requires emergency rescue breathing for support.

Inlet Obstruction: This is when something blocks the airway that goes into your nose and mouth.

How do you know if your dog needs emergency care?

If your dog has become lethargic, is not eating, is vomiting or has diarrhea, you should take him to the vet. If he shows signs of pain when you touch him or if he has a fever and is shivering uncontrollably, it’s time to head to the vet.

What type of Road Accidents happen with dogs

Dogs are the most common victims of road accidents. The reasons for this are many, but there are a few specific causes worth mentioning.

The most common type of accident is when a vehicle hits a dog. This is usually a result of the driver’s inattention to what is on the road or an incident where a driver purposefully runs over a dog.

Another type of accident that dogs experience is when they get hit by cyclists who are not paying attention to their surroundings.

Finally, we have accidents where dogs run into traffic and get hit by vehicles while trying to chase after an animal or another dog.

What type of First Aid can stop a dog from bleeding?

When a dog has a bleeding wound, it is essential to know what type of First Aid to give.

There are two types of bleeding: external and internal. When the blood comes from the body’s surface, it is considered external bleeding. Internal bleeding occurs when there is damage to deep tissues or organs.

To identify the type of bleeding, you should look for an exit wound or find a pressure point above the damage and see if any blood seeps out. If there’s no exit wound or if there’s no seepage, then it’s likely that there is internal bleeding.

What if you have identified that your dog has external bleeding? You should apply direct pressure on the wound with a clean cloth or towel until your pet stops licking at its injury and moving its leg around in pain.

What if you have identified that your dog has internal bleeding? Then you should call for emergency assistance immediately, as this requires immediate medical attention.

What is the recommendation for a dog with a ruptured spleen from a Car accident?

A ruptured spleen is a severe condition that can lead to life-threatening complications. Knowing the symptoms of a ruptured spleen and what to do if you suspect your dog has this condition is essential.

The following are some of the symptoms of a ruptured spleen:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Pale gums
  • Abdominal tenderness or pain
  • Swelling in the abdomen, groin or chest area

If your dog shows any of these symptoms, you should immediately take him to the vet.

First Aid for dogs with broken bones

Broken bones in dogs are usually caused by falls or car accidents. The most common bone to break is the femur, which is the thigh bone.

  • The first thing to do when you see a dog with a broken bone is to stabilize the animal and keep it still. You can do this by supporting their body weight with a towel and holding them still until help arrives.
  • If you have medical training, you can apply pressure to slow down bleeding and prevent further injury.
  • If not, it’s best to keep them still using whatever means necessary.
  • The next step is to find out where the break is located for emergency responders or vets to treat it accordingly.
  • This can be done by feeling for a noticeable protrusion on the skin or through x-rays and ultrasounds if needed.
  • First Aid for dogs with burns and scalds
  • The best way to treat a burn is to cool the affected area with cold water for ten minutes. If the burned area is large, you can use a wet towel or bandage to cover it.

First Aid Kit Supplies are needed.

If you have a first aid kit at home, it should have certain supplies. These supplies will depend on the severity of the burn. Still, they should include an antiseptic cream or ointment, antibiotic cream or lotion, gauze pads of various sizes and rolls of adhesive tape.

If your dog has been burned in any way – from touching hot pavement to being scalded by hot liquid – you need to act quickly. If possible, you should start cooling the burn with cold water for 10 minutes. Then, apply a topical ointment to the affected area.

If you can’t cool it down, place the dog in the shower and let the water wash over him.

First Aid for Dogs that have been Poisoned

The most important thing to do is call the vet. Here is a list of what to do if your dog has been poisoned:

  • Call a vet
  • Keep your dog as calm as possible
  • Treat immediately with a stomach pump if your dog is still conscious
  • Give your dog activated charcoal to stop any more poisons from affecting them.
  • Contact your vet directly if you suspect your dog has ingested something toxic.
  • Administer hydrogen peroxide orally to your dog

Hydrogen peroxide is not a medication and should not be used as such, but in an emergency, it can induce vomiting in dogs who have ingested toxic substances. Hydrogen peroxide is often recommended for vomiting on its own.

First Aid for dogs with a Swollen Tummy

The best first Aid for dogs with a sore stomach is avoiding giving them anything that might worsen the stomach. This includes food, water, and other liquids. Your goal is to stop the dog from throwing up or making its stomach worse. If you’re not sure what to do, contact your veterinarian.

First Aid for a dog with a Ball lodged in its throat.

If you find your dog choking and has a ball stuck in its throat, you should check if it is visible. If the ball is visible, proceed to step 2; if the ball is not visible, proceed to step 3.

2) Place your dog upside down on a table or chair and use one hand to support its head while using your other hand to hold them around its stomach so it cannot move. It will force gravity to help dislodge the object, making it easier for them to cough up. Use a finger or two of one hand and carefully sweep in an upward motion as far back as possible for the object to come out of their mouth. It may take several times before it comes out. If that doesn’t work, then proceed with step 3 below.

3) Place your dog on its side and use one hand to support its head while using your other hand to hold them around the chest. It will force gravity to help dislodge the object making it much easier for the dog to cough it up. When they do manage to cough up the object, stroke or pat them until they are completely relaxed.

First Aid to help Dogs with Coat Contamination

Dogs are usually excited when they go to the park. They run around and sniff other dogs, which is a lot of fun. Sometimes, however, they come across things that are not so pleasant on their way. It can be anything from a dead animal to trash or even chemicals.

It is where first Aid comes in handy. To avoid health problems, you must act fast and ensure your dog gets the attention it needs as soon as possible.

Here are some tips for how you can help your dog if it has become contaminated:

  • Gently wash off any dirt or chemicals with warm water and mild soap
  • Rinse the area thoroughly with clean water
  • Apply a topical antibiotic ointment to prevent infection
  • If there is any redness or irritation, apply an anti-inflammatory cream
  • Take your dog to the vet for treatment.
  • Give them Pepto-Bismol, which helps with diarrhea, or an over-the-counter medication that treats pain and inflammation.

First Aid for Dogs with Heat Stroke

Heat stroke can be deadly. If you see any of these signs, take your dog to the vet immediately:

Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition caused by a dog getting too hot. With prolonged exposure to heat, it’s dangerous for dogs to get any hotter, as this can cause problems with their organs, brain, muscles and heart. Signs of heatstroke include profuse sweating, pale gums and tongue, and lethargy. If you see these signs in your dog during the summer, get help immediately and contact your veterinarian.

  • Excessive panting and drooling
  • Heavy red tongue, gums, and lips
  • Rapid or difficult breathing
  • Dry nose and mouth
  • Excessive thirst
  • Dehydration-Hot and red skin
  • Pale gums

List of things you can do to help the dog from Heat Stroke in the summer months:

  • 1. Keep a water bowl in the shade at all times.
  • 2. Provide shade for the dog to escape the sun by using a tree, porch, or other structure.
  • 3. Keep your dog cool by spraying them with water or taking them to a pool or lake to cool off while swimming.
  • 4. If you see your dog panting excessively, take them to the vet as soon as possible – they may have heat stroke and need immediate treatment!
  • 5. Keep an eye on your dog’s temperature – if it reaches 106°F (41°C), they are at risk of heat stroke and should take them in-house immediately!
  • 6. Make sure your dog is well-hydrated. Dogs need to drink more in the summer as their body temperature rises, so always provide plenty of water!
  • 7. Keep sunblock on hand for your dog and ensure they’re not licking it off throughout the day – it will help protect them from sun exposure and can reduce the risk of sunburn!

How to Calm a Dog During an Anxiety Attack?

First, remove your dog from the source of the stimulus. For instance, if your dog is barking at the door and you cannot get out of the room, you can move yourself or your dog somewhere else.

If your dog can’t leave the room or other stimulus, try calming methods such as Slow movements: To soothe a dog, you should move slowly.

The following are some of the most common ways to calm a dog during an anxiety attack:

  • Calming Pheromones: Calming pheromones are used in collars and diffusers to reduce stress in dogs. These pheromones are effective in reducing anxiety, fear, and aggression. If the dog is stressed or anxious, hold it close to you and use a calming approach while speaking calmly.
  • Massages: Massaging your dog is soothing for the animal and you. It can help release tension and ease stress. 
  • Toys: Playing with your pet can help distract them from worries. A good toy will keep them entertained and out of trouble while providing mental stimulation. 
  • Exercising: Exercise is the best way to help lower stress in dogs. Take your pup on a walk or play ball with him, as this will help tire him out and release built-up energy that may be causing his anxiety. 
  • Treats: Giving your pet treats can help distract him from his worries and give him a little TLC, reducing tension.

First Aid for a dog Traveling in an Airplane that seems shocked and distressed after a Flight?

A dog may be traumatized by the experience of being in an airplane. It is because many sounds, smells, and sights are unfamiliar to them. It can also be difficult for the owner because they cannot always comfort the dog or provide reassurance.

The following are ideas that can help a dog that is travelling in an airplane and is distressed:

As an animal owner, it is crucial to understand that animals are just as sensitive to stress as humans. A dog travelling in an airplane and is distressed will need time to adjust and become comfortable.

  • Offer them food and water immediately after landing.
  • Please give them a safe space with their favourite toys, blankets, or bedding.
  • Spend time with your furry friend, so they know you’re there for them.
  • Leave the door open and let them come and go, invite them outside.
  • Be patient with your pet and give them time to adjust.
  • Please provide them with a stress-relief toy, like a Kong or Frisbee.

First Aid for Dogs with Eye Injuries

Dogs are the most beautiful pets in the world. They are loyal, loving and fun companions. Eye injuries can cause by many things and can be very serious if not treated properly. Dogs are prone to eye injury because they have thin and delicate cornea. They are also more likely injured by dirt, dust, and sand. It is a common problem for dogs who spend time on the beach.

This article will go through some of the symptoms and treatment for eye injuries in dogs:


  • Inflamed eyes
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Loss of vision
  • Swelling around the eye or on the eyelid
  • Pus coming out from around the eye or on the eyelid
  • Increased sensitivity to light


  • 1. Eye flush with saline solution or milk (warm milk may be necessary) around the cornea to remove any foreign material. If a significant amount of blood is present, this may need to be done more than once and repeated every 30 minutes until it stops bleeding.
  • 2. Apply pressure to the wound, if possible, while waiting for the bleeding to stop.
  • 3. If the cornea is scratched and there is a lot of debris, the cornea will need to be flushed out with a saline solution or milk and rinsed with a sterile eye ointment.
  • 4. If there is significant vision loss, the dog should be seen by an ophthalmologist or an emergency veterinary clinic for treatment as soon as possible.
  • 5. With all eye injuries, ensure that your dog does not have access to anything sharp that could injure it.

What is First Aid for a Drowning Dog?

The first thing to do is to call 9-1-1. You can also get the dog out of the water if it is close to shore. It will give you time to assess the situation and decide what steps to take next.

If the dog struggles in deep water, don’t jump in after it! You could both drown or be swept away by strong currents. Instead, throw a life preserver or buoyant object into the water and try to get as close as possible without entering the water yourself. Try grabbing the dog’s collar and holding it, holding its hind leg or tail with your other hand, and pulling it towards you. If that doesn’t work, try using both hands on their hind legs or tail and pulling them towards you while holding onto their collar with your other hand and when you have a grip on your dog, use one hand for support while lifting its chest with your other hand.

In the event of a drowning dog, you must act quickly and follow these steps to help your pup: 

1. Call for help.

2. Remove the dog from the water as quickly as possible.

3. Perform CPR on the pup until they start breathing again or until help arrives.

4. Keep them warm and reassure them until they can walk on their own again.

5. Seek veterinary care if needed.

6. Follow a First Aid booklet for instruction on how to treat any other injuries he may have sustained while in the water.

7. Collect all items necessary to file a report with animal control and police, such as a collar, tags, leash, identification band, or tattoo on the animal’s body.

8. Write down what happened in detail and keep it with you until a veterinarian sees your dog.

First Aid treatment to help a dog that’s received an Electric Shock

If a dog has received an electric shock, it is vital to act quickly. The dog may need CPR or mouth-to-snout resuscitation if it is still alive. The dog may have had a heart attack and require cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

First, check the dog’s vitals. If they are not breathing or their heart has stopped beating, you will need to perform CPR. You should also check for any injuries caused by the electric shock.

If there are no injuries and the dog is breathing, you can move on to other treatments, like giving them an antacid or placing them in a cool bath.

12 Tips for helping a dog after an Electricity Shock:

  • 1. Check for signs of shock:
  • 2. Remove all items from the affected dog’s mouth, including sticks, stones, and other objects that may have clenched in the dog’s teeth.
  • 3. Apply light pressure on the chest to help keep blood flowing to the heart and brain if possible.
  • 4. Loosen any tight clothing around the neck or chest to maintain a clear airway and check for an injury or obstruction.
  • 5. Provide water or a wet towel if available;
  • 6. Offer food if you can do so without endangering yourself;
  • 7. Keep your pet calm and quiet;
  • 8. Monitor your pet’s breathing and heart rate until you reach veterinary care;
  • 9. Seek immediate medical attention from a veterinarian if symptoms worsen or do not improve within 20 minutes of treatment;
  • 10. Check for signs of injury such as burns, cuts, swollen joints or broken bones 
  • 11. Turn off the power source that caused the electric shock. 
  • 12. If your dog is unconscious and not breathing, perform mouth-to-snout resuscitation. If your dog is conscious but unresponsive, put the dog in a recovery position and check for breathing.

First Aid for a Dog that has been Stung by Insects

The first thing to do is to remove the stinger. You can scrap it off with a credit card or another thin, flat object. If the dog has been stung on the lip or tongue, give them water and take them to a vet immediately. 

A wasp or hornet sting can be excruciating for a dog, especially if it’s from multiple stings. The pain can last for an extended time and can even lead to death.

The dog got stung by a wasp or hornet, here are 12 suggestions that can help them:

A wasp or hornet sting can be excruciating for a dog, especially from multiple stings. The pain can last for an extended time and can even lead to death. If your dog got stung by a wasp or hornet, here are 20 things you should do to help them:

1. Find out if the stings are on the mouth, nose, or eyes 

2. If the stings are on the mouth, nose, or eyes, try to remove them with a credit card or other object.

3. If you can’t remove them yourself and they’re too close to the eye area, then get immediate medical attention 

4. Clean up any stingers that have fallen onto your floor with a damp cloth and place them in a baggie, so they don’t hurt anyone else who enters your home 

If your dog got stung by a wasp or hornet, here are things you should do to help them:

5. Try to keep your dog calm and as still as possible 

6. Use ice packs to reduce swelling 

7. Take your dog for treatment at an animal hospital if you suspect that the dog received a bite by wasps or hornets

8. Keep your dog away from the area where the wasps or hornets are.

9. Try to take pictures of any dead wasps or hornets you find so you can show them to a professional.

10. Calamine lotion and baking soda paste will help reduce the itchiness and swelling caused by the sting.

11. If your dog has trouble breathing because of the pain in its chest, you should seek medical attention immediately.

12. If your dog starts vomiting or has diarrhea, it may have an allergic reaction to the sting. You should also seek medical attention because this can be life-threatening.

What is Basic Dog Resuscitation

Canine CPR is a life-saving technique an individual can use to revive an animal in case they are experiencing cardiac arrest. This technique comes in handy in emergencies.

CPR for a Dog – The steps for the technique are as follows:

  • Lay the dog on its side and support the head and neck with one hand.
  • Place your other hand on the chest to keep it from moving.
  • Compress the chest by pressing down at least two inches (5 cm) and release, repeating until help arrives or until you see signs of breathing return.
  • If the dog does not breathe, begin rescue breathing.
  • Make sure that your dog has identification tags on them at all times
  • Consider installing an alarm system so that they can let you know if they need help while you’re away from home
  • Write down any allergies or medical conditions they have so that emergency responders can provide proper care if needed
  • Put your toothbrush and toothpaste in a Ziploc bag so that you can use them to clean your dog’s teeth
  • Leave room in the bag for a few treats that your dog enjoys
  • Keep water bowls full at all times
  • Don’t forget to keep those leashes and collars on dogs at all times, no matter where you are.

Conclusion: These are The Best Tips For Keeping Your Dogs Safe During Emergencies

Preparing for emergencies can be difficult, but the key is to start small. For example, if you live in an area that has a high risk of flooding, you must know where the safest place for your dog during a flood would be. This might be in their crate or the bathtub with some towels and blankets on top of them.

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