Ultimate Guide to Vitamins & Minerals for Your Dog

Ultimate Guide to Vitamins & Minerals for Your Dog

They are essential to the health of your dog. They help with everything from maintaining a healthy weight to fighting off infections.

Ensure that your dog gets all vitamins and minerals they need; you’ll need to know what they are and which ones your dog needs.

Our Guide will teach you all you need to know about Vitamins and Minerals for Dogs.

What list of Minerals is suitable for dogs?

Many minerals for dogs are on earth, water, and air. Some minerals are suitable for dogs because they help them with their digestion, others help them with their teeth, and some make them happy.

Dogs need minerals in their diet, just like humans do. Minerals are essential for the development of bones and teeth. It also helps the growth and functioning of the nervous system.

A lack of minerals leads to rickets, which can cause soft bones and teeth. Dogs need minerals to stay healthy and robust: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium and chloride. 

List of Minerals that are good for dogs:



Is in medicines and is known to have healing properties for dogs. Mineral Amber is suitable for dogs because it contains succinic acid, which helps with digestion and eases pain from arthritis and other conditions. You can find amber at pet stores or online retailers like Etsy or Amazon. It’s not just the mineral in which you can find amber; many foods contain this substance, like carrots, blueberries, apples, apricots and honey.


Calcite is suitable for dogs because it helps keep their teeth clean. You can find it in foods like eggs, fish, meat, rice and vegetables. It is a mineral sometimes used to treat canine arthritis and other joint problems. Calcite is in some human foods, such as fruits and vegetables. You can find it in small quantities in items like raisins, figs, oranges, broccoli, and carrots.


It is known to have excellent healing properties that healers and herbalists use. This article will discuss the benefits of Chalcopyrite for dogs.

Chalcopyrite can have favorable properties for dogs, including:

  • Aiding digestion
  • Increasing energy
  • Promoting healthy skin and hair
  • Promoting mental clarity


Copper has been used for thousands of years to make bronze, the first metal known to man. Recently, copper has been beneficial for dogs because it helps produce red blood cells and hemoglobin. Copper also helps with the absorption of iron which can help prevent anemia. Other foods contain copper, such as oysters, beef, spinach, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, cashews, almonds and oranges.

Copper is a metal that is good for our and our pet’s health. Copper has properties that can help dogs by preventing the formation of kidney stones and other metabolic disorders.


Cuprite is a new mineral that is in the Appalachian Mountains. Its benefits are suitable for dogs. It has many benefits, like healing, detoxification, and strengthening the immune system. Some also believe that it can help with arthritis, cancer, and allergies, as well as other diseases in animals and humans alike.

Cuprite has proven to be beneficial for humans and animals. There are many foods that you can find it in, like apples, oranges, carrots, and raisins.


Mineral Emeralds are a type of gemstone that comes in different colours, but the most common is green. They are also known as Beryl. Emeralds are suitable for dogs because they help to prevent eye and gum disease, boost appetite, and improve the immune system. It’s also believed that these gems can protect from physical and spiritual harm.

Emeralds are known to help in healing purposes and also known to help treat cancer patients.


Fluorite is a mineral found in small quantities. It is in crystals and masses, and granular forms.

Fluorite is an excellent addition to your pet’s diet because it has many dog benefits. It can help prevent tooth decay and strengthen the teeth, help with digestion, and even help fight off infections.

You might find fluorite in rocks, soil, water, or even plants. Some foods that contain fluorite are carrots, celery, cucumbers, and parsley.


Garnets are a type of gemstone found in the form of a deep red colour. They are in Africa and India. These stones can be in jewelry, but some people also use them for their healing properties. Garnet is suitable for dogs because it is a stone that helps promote health and well-being, especially regarding the heart and kidneys. The only food you should not feed your dog with Garnets is chocolate, as it may cause gastrointestinal upset, especially in dogs with a sensitive stomach. “More about garnets and dogs” The banded garnet is often used as an ornamental stone and is believed to have a protective effect on the wearer. The stones are typically associated with protection from witchcraft, psychic power, and evil spirits.”

Foods that you can find garnets in include:

  • Oysters
  • Dried fruits
  • Figs
  • Walnuts
  • Apricots
  • Mangoes
  • Nuts
  • Figs
  • Pomegranates


Gold has been metal in jewelry, coins, and decorative objects for thousands of years. It is in trace amounts in nature, where it forms due to the radioactive decay of other elements.

Gold is suitable for dogs because it helps relieve their arthritis symptoms. It also helps with their skin problems and can help them fight off infections and parasites. The food that contains gold is in small amounts, which means that it’s not harmful to the dog’s health if they overeat. 

Some foods that contain gold include:

  • Dried Apricots 
  • Honeydew Melon 
  • Papaya
  • Celery
  • Cucumber
  • Carrots


Hematite is a mineral found in many places, including Brazil and China. Has a variety of uses for humans and animals. Is an excellent choice of mineral for dogs as it helps with their teeth’ health, coats, and bones. Helps with the prevention of arthritis and heart disease. Hematite can is in foods such as liver, beef, chicken, salmon, trout, squid, crab legs and lobster meat.


Jade is a mineral that is good for dogs. Please find it in stones, rocks, and small pieces. Dogs need it to help their digestion and keep their teeth healthy. You can find jade in many foods, but some of the most common vegetables like carrots, green beans, fruits like apples, bananas, blueberries, oranges, pears, peaches, and plums (and raisins). The most common use for dogs is actually for its medicinal properties. Jade can treat many conditions and treated with jade, including arthritis, rheumatism, chronic pain syndromes, toothaches and more.


What Vitamins are best for dogs?

The vitamins that are good for dogs contain all the essential nutrients and minerals they need to live a healthy life. Some vitamins are A, C, D, E, and K, which help strengthen the immune system, reduce inflammation, and promote healthy skin. Some vitamins, such as iron supplements, can be harmful to dogs. It is because iron supplements can cause a condition called hemochromatosis in dogs, characterized by excessive iron accumulation in the blood.

Vitamin D

The amount of Vitamin D you give your dog will depend on the size and weight of your dog. It will also depend on how much sun exposure they receive. A good rule to follow is to give your dog 10,000 IU of vitamin D3 per day. It will make sure they have enough Vitamin D in their system. Vitamin D is also essential for dogs because it helps with bone development and strength. Dogs can get vitamin D from sunlight or supplements containing vitamin D2 or D3.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an essential nutrient for dogs. It is a water-soluble vitamin and needs replenishing daily. Vitamin C helps the dog’s immune system, protects against cancer, and can help with arthritis or other joint problems. The recommended dosage of Vitamin C for dogs is between 10-25mg/kg of body weight per day. A 60lb dog should get 600-1,500mg of Vitamin C daily, which can be challenging to measure in capsules or tablets.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is essential for dogs. It helps maintain healthy skin and coat and also supports the immune system. The recommended amount of Vitamin A for dogs is 10,000 IU per day. You can find it in a 25-pound bag of dog food containing about 5,000 IU or a handful of dog treats containing about 1,000 IU.

Low Vitamin A can lead to dry skin, hair loss, and eye problems such as night blindness or keratitis (inflammation of the cornea).

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an essential nutrient for dogs that provides many benefits. Dogs need it to maintain healthy skin, a robust immune system, and good blood clotting. It is a fat-soluble vitamin that needs to be absorbed with dietary fats. The good news is that most dogs need only a tiny amount of Vitamin E in their diet. The recommended dosage for dogs varies depending on the dog’s size but generally ranges from 15-20 IU per pound of body weight per day. A 100-pound dog would need about 1000 IU per day, and a 20-pound dog would need about 200 IU per day.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is an important vitamin for dogs and is essential for blood clotting. It also helps to protect the bones and teeth from damage. Recommended dosage of Vitamin K for dogs depends on their body size. The average dosage is 2,000 micro-grams per day, equivalent to 0.5 milligrams per pound of body weight. Vitamin K: Vitamin K contributes to normal blood clotting. There are two types of vitamin K and K1, found in dark green vegetables, liver, and cheese, and Vitamin K2, found in fish oil or supplements.

What You Should Feed your dog

Different types of dog food have other nutritional content. So, it would be best to decide what to feed your dog based on your pet’s needs.

It is best to remember that a dog’s size and age will affect the nutrients they need. So, it’s essential to know what to feed them. The best way to ensure your pet gets all the nutrients they need is by reading labels and consulting with a vet or nutritionist.

Older dogs are more likely to be picky eaters, especially if they have had a bad experience with food. If this is the case, try mixing different types of food.

For example, mix a few tablespoons of canned food with dry kibble to make their meals more interesting.

Generally speaking, senior dogs will need less protein and more carbohydrates than younger dogs as they age. 

If your dog is an older dog who can’t tolerate high levels of protein and is having trouble with the food, try mixing a small amount of the food with some canned pumpkin or pureed carrots to help them consume more easily.

What amount of food Do Dogs Need daily?

If your dog weighs 55 pounds and has a ten-pound body weight, it should eat 5 pounds of kibble—per day.

Puppies six to eight weeks old, we recommend giving a one-half cup of dry kibble per pound of body weight. Please measure your dog’s body weight to determine how many cups you should feed them.

If your dog weighs 5 pounds and has a ten-pound body weight, they should eat 2 cups of kibble daily.

For puppies under six weeks old, we recommend giving the puppy mother’s milk feedings for at least the first month of life.

We recommend feeding adult dogs 1/4 cup to 1/2 cup of dry kibble daily, depending on their activity levels and weight.

When calculating how many cups you should be feeding your dog, multiply their weight in pounds by .5 or .75 for a smaller or larger breed, respectively.

The Consequences of a Vitamin Deficiency in dogs

There are a lot of nutrients that dogs need to stay healthy. If your dog doesn’t get enough of these nutrients, he can suffer from various health problems.

Fruits and Vegetables are rich sources of Nutrients and Fiber. Providing your dog with various vitamins and antioxidants can also help keep his body healthy. That’s why ensuring your dog gets enough of these foods daily is essential.

A lack of Vitamin D can increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. It can also cause rickets, which can come on by having soft bones that are prone to breaking.

Low Vitamin C can cause scurvy, which comes on by skin and gums that are sore and swollen.

Lack of Vitamin B12 leads to anemia and pain. Also characterized by weakness and poor appetite.

A dog’s dietary needs depend on age, gender, and activity level. Dogs will have different nutritional requirements, with puppies being far more demanding of higher protein levels than adult dogs.

Older dogs are more likely to benefit from a diet high in carbohydrates, moderate in fat content, and low in protein. A meal should contain a balance of lean meat or meat byproduct meals with vegetables and sometimes fruits.

They may also give a portion of food that includes starch in the form of vegetables, fruit, or grains.

Vitamin deficiencies are becoming more common in dogs because many people feed their pets lower-quality foods or food that doesn’t contain the necessary vitamins and minerals.

Omega Fatty Acids for Dogs

Omega fatty acids are essential for the health of our canine companions. Dogs deficient in omega 3 and 6 fatty acids may develop skin problems, dry skin, hair loss, and other issues. 

Omega fatty acids also play a role in developing their brain and eyes.

Omega-3s and omega-6s are essential to a dog’s health and play an important role in bodily functions, including brain development and healthy skin. 

Experts recommend feeding dogs food that contains these fats or supplementing them with fish oil or flax-seed oil to ensure they get enough of these nutrients.

Protein in Dog Foods

Protein is an integral part of a dog’s diet. Dogs need protein to maintain their muscle mass and help form new cells.

There are protein sources in dog food, such as meat, eggs, and soybeans. It would be best if you chose many different types of proteins according to the dog’s age and activity level. 

For example, older dogs may need more protein than younger ones because they are less active.

The most common types of proteins in dog food are chicken (chicken meal), beef (beef meal), pork (pork meal), lamb (lamb meal) and turkey (turkey meal).

How to Prepare healthy Dog Meals

Some samples of dog meals are:

  • Food: This is the most common and popular meal for dogs. It has various ingredients that are healthy and nutritious for dogs. Many types of dog food are available in the market, including dry, wet, or canned food. 
  • Treats are small food your dog can eat to make them happy and contented. They come in various flavours, like beef jerky, bacon bits, or peanut butter.
  • Raw meat diets: This diet is for dogs because it contains raw meat and it is Raw. It has to be eaten with raw vegetables and fruits to provide nutrients for your pet’s body.
  • Frozen diet: This meal is of meat that is frozen. It is also healthy and nutritious for dogs.
  • Dried food: This is similar to a raw diet in terms of nutritional content—the bonus of being preserved for a longer life span.
  • Prescription diets: If your pet needs a specific diet, you can consult with your veterinarian to know the food they need.

Conclusion: The 9 Most Important meals that contain all Vitamins & Minerals that are essential for your Dog’s Diet

A healthy diet for your dog is necessary to keep them happy and healthy. However, finding a balanced diet for them can be challenging since they don’t eat as humans do. An excellent way to get around this is by feeding them what we eat in moderation.

Meals that have all Vitamins and Minerals essential to a dog’s diet:

  • Raw meat (poultry, fish, beef) 
  • Vegetables Raw (carrots, broccoli, kale) 
  • Fruits  Raw (apples, bananas, blueberries) 
  • Cooked vegetables (broccoli steamed with olive oil) 
  • Meats Cooked (chicken cooked with olive oil)
  • Starchy Vegetables Cooked (sweet potatoes)
  • Grains Cooked (brown rice)
  • Dairy Products Raw (milk, cheese, butter)
  • Dairy Products Cooked (cheese melted with low fat milk and butter mixed in)

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