Taking your Labradoodles by Cucciolini Puppy Home...

Taking your “Labradoodles by Cucciolini” Puppy Home

Today is the day you are taking your “Labradoodles by Cucciolini” Puppy Home; his first car ride home may be frightening and cause the Puppy to get car sick. I recommend taking a companion along for the ride to sit beside the puppy crate and keep the puppy company. Also, having the window open about two inches is beneficial to help Puppy from feeling sick and provides air circulation.

Take your Labradoodles by Cucciolini puppy home,e stay relaxed while driving home. 

It will take time to help the Puppy relax when in the vehicle. Be sure, though, to take a towel with you in the event your Puppy does get sick in the car. It is also vital that everyone stays calm during the car ride home while the Puppy is not getting ill to scare the Puppy.

Let’s begin with items to help make your pup’s homecoming smooth.

  • Collars & leashes. The Puppy will need a collar and leash. 
  • You will need to buy a Crate to be 42 inches in size.
  • The dog Bed will need to be large enough to accommodate the Puppy’s maturity.
  • You will need to purchase a Food and Water bowl
  • When buying treats, look for one Ingredient treat that is best to avoid an allergic reaction.
  • You will also need Grooming supplies such as a Comb, Brush and Shaver.
  • Identification Tags for his Collar.
  • Include a variety of Kong Toys to keep the Puppy occupied.

I am getting ready for the Puppy’s arrival. 

  1. When Puppy has arrived at his new home, keeping the home calm as you enter is vital as Puppy will be afraid of strange loud noises that can be overwhelming.
  2. Introduce your dog to his crate upon arrival.
  3. Start your Training by showing the Puppy where he needs to eliminate.
  4. Set up a daily routine.
  5. Register for a dog’s license as soon as possible, so you can attach the Tag to the collar if he gets lost.
  6. Find a veterinarian so that the Puppy can get his complete Immunizations.

Home at Last, very exciting!

It is best to give your Puppy about forty-five minutes to help Puppy settle down within his new environment. Some people will suggest taking the puppy outside and letting him walk on neighbor’s lawns, but I only recommend this in your front yard as it is away from a public sidewalk where many people have walked with their Puppy. Parvo, if contracted, can last up to six months on soil or grass, so be careful not to allow your Puppy on other’s lawns until they are 16 weeks old. I recommend taking them to your backyard to eliminate for the weeks before he has completed all required vaccinations.

Missing Mom and Siblings

Leaving his siblings will probably bring about some anxiety. However, this can be significantly diminished if you plan your schedules so that you will be home with the Puppy for three to four days before returning to work. It’s vital if you have young children to discuss that being calm around the Puppy will be necessary. It may take time for the Puppy to adjust to his new family. Once the Puppy is comfortable within his new home, you can allow children to play with the new Puppy slowly while keeping an eye on how the Puppy is adjusting. 

Feeding Schedule for Puppies

Your schedule will somewhat dictate the Puppy’s feeding. When you first arrive home, do not leave food out for the Puppy immediately, as the Puppy will be curious and excited to walk through his new home; you will need to monitor how much he is eating when you offer his Breakfast, Lunch or Dinner. You want the Puppy on a feeding and potty schedule as soon as possible, as they love routine. The Puppies at Labradoodles by Cucciolini are fed twice daily under six months of age.

Puppy Training

The Puppy will need to know where to go to the bathroom. Before the Puppy eats in the morning, when waking, you will need to set a feeding schedule that will accommodate your work schedule. A sample plan will consist of Breakfast at 8 am and dinner at 5 pm with water in between throughout the day will ensure Puppy is flourishing and help make house training more accessible. Make sure to give the Puppy quiet time after his meals to help him digest, making sure the children are not playing or picking the Puppy up for one hour after eating, as it can lead to stomach upset. The Puppy will need to go to the bathroom ten minutes after eating Breakfast or Dinner. A Puppy’s feeding schedule must include two meals a day, preferably at the same time daily. Should schedule training the Puppy’s meal at eight am for Breakfast and five pm for his dinner, giving the puppy time to digest his food and eliminate it before he goes to bed.

What brand of food to feed your Puppy?

The kibble should be a healthy and well-balanced diet for Puppies. We at Labradoodles by Cucciolini feed our puppies Royal Canin. Refraining from less expensive dog food that contains fillers and sugars rather than high-quality kibble will help with complete nourishment as the Puppy matures. 

Cheaper foods can affect your Puppy’s long-term growth and overall health, cause constipation or diarrhea, and make house training much more challenging. Low-quality dog food can also cause skin issues, allergies, dull coats, itchy skin, ear infections and more. So it is best to continue feeding the food we have recommended for the best quality. 

Daily Puppy Schedule taking your puppy home

  • Breakfast: Take your Puppy out to eliminate. It is also an excellent time to play and interact with your New Puppy.
  • Breakfast time: Start with a cup of Royal Canin Kibble, and once Puppy is finished eating, make sure to give water. Also, be sure to change the water daily. 
  • After Breakfast: While you are busy getting ready for work or school, taking the Puppy for a quick walk after Breakfast will help give the Puppy a chance to eliminate before you leave for work.
  • Mid-morning: Puppy might need to nap after a busy morning. The Puppy must also go out at least twice before Lunch. If no one is home, consider hiring a pet sitter who will walk him.

Continue Puppy Schedule

  • Noon: Lunchtime starts with a trip outside to eliminate first, followed by the puppies’ meal and a drink of water. Once Lunch is finished, wait 10 minutes and take Puppy out to stop again. 
  • Mid-afternoon: It’s probably nap time again. 
  • Dinner: Arranging the puppies’ meal around yours will help the Puppy familiarize yourself with feeding him while preparing your dinner. Be sure to provide the Puppy first to ensure he is not begging.
  • Evening: If you have time, an evening walk outdoors would help him exercise and take a break to eliminate and create bonding time. 
  • Bedtime: Set a time before your sleep for the Puppy to eliminate so there are no accidents in his crate; whether it’s eight pm or midnight, it will not matter as long as it becomes a routine for the Puppy. After the Puppy has been taken outdoors to eliminate, take him to his crate and help him settle for the night.

Eating Schedule 

Puppies eat two small meals daily, depending on whether you are working from home or now; it is also beneficial to feed the Puppy twice daily as it is healthier for his health. Each feeding should consist of one and a half cups of kibble as a puppy and give more as he matures; measurements are located on the side of the kibble bag. All meals should be consumed by eight pm so that the Puppy will sleep with an empty bladder or bowels so they can sleep through the night with little potty breaks. 

If you set a puppy schedule as soon as you take your labradoodle puppy home, your Puppy will be on his way to becoming a happy and well-adjusted puppy. It is worth putting in the time and effort, not waiting until the Puppy matures and sets on less acceptable behaviours.

Why is my new Puppy Not Eating?

The Puppy isn’t eating; that can happen when the Puppy is in a new home away from his Mom and siblings. Every Puppy is different and how they react in its new home. When a puppy is in our care and with his siblings, puppies generally follow what the siblings do; if one is eating, they all eat and follow one another. The period of adjustment should only last not more than ten days. 

Too Much to Handle

Puppy just got into a new home with new people, smells, and noises, disrupting the routine he was accustomed to when he was with his Mom and Siblings. It will disturb routine, and the Puppy will become stressed and scared, but constant hugs will reassure the Puppy that he is Loved and not afraid, Giving lots of hugs and kisses. 

The family wants to visit the New Puppy. 

As much as you are eager and want to invite your family and friends to meet your new Puppy, it is best to give your puppy space and time to adjust to his new home. Not to mention that the Puppy needs to be fully immunized before being held or kissed by Family and Friends. A new home can be scary for many dogs, so take time with Puppy to get introduced. 

Loads of Excitement when taking your puppy home.

Most puppies may be excited the first day they arrive in their new home. Your new Puppy will be moving around your home as it is exploring and is excited to get attention from his new family. He may also refuse to eat because of all the different sounds, the many new faces, smell and sounds. It may take time for the Puppy to adjust to his new environment and eventually calm down. Finally, once the Puppy is settled and relaxed, he may curl up on his new bed and nap on his first day with his new family.

Puppy is Missing his Mamma and Siblings

If you get a new puppy, he might feel lonely and scared of being in his new home. The Puppy has been accustomed to living with his mother and siblings since birth; it’s understandable for him to whine and feel lonely during the first 3 – 4 nights away from his family. If your Puppy refuses to eat, give him time and some company when eating instead of being alone. It is vital to keep Puppy hydrated as puppies are susceptible to low blood sugar and must often drink to ensure they stay hydrated, especially in the summer heat.

Encourage your Puppy to Eat when he arrives home.

Upon arriving at the puppies’ new home, the Puppy might now be interested in eating; don’t force him. Once the Puppy adjusts to his home and schedule, he will start eating again. Walking and Playing with him may help bring back his appetite and create a bond with the new family.

Crate Training for your new Puppy.

When Crate training your new Puppy can take time, depending on the Puppy’s temperament. It is essential to keep this in mind while crate training, as Training should always be associated with a calming experience for the Puppy to feel happy. Crate Training should take place in small steps and not quickly.

Step 1: Take your Labradoodle Puppy home & Introducing Puppy to a crate.

Making sure to place the Labradoodles Puppy crate in a room so Puppy is under supervision where the family will spend much time, such as the family room, would be acceptable. Putting a soft blanket or a towel in the crate for comfort, and if the Puppy eliminates it, he will not become soiled as the towel will absorb it. Leaving the crate door open will allow the dog to explore his cage and have the opportunity for the Puppy to come out. Some puppies will be curious and start sleeping in the crate immediately. 

Is Puppy having a hard time adjusting to his crate:

  • Carry them over to the crate, talk to them in a soft voice and try engaging them with a toy to see if that helps. Also, ensure the crate door is open and the door is secured not to cause injury.
  • Encourage your Puppy to enter the crate by adding small treats inside the door, and finally, as the Puppy eats them, distribute more kibble further in the cage, allowing him to go deep inside the crate. If the Puppy refuses to enter all the way, that is OK, as it will take time, don’t ever force a puppy.
  • Try tossing treats into the crate until your dog walks into his bed and is calm on his own. Suppose the Puppy isn’t interested in treats. In that case, try tossing the Puppy’s favourite Kong Toy in his crate and adding a tiny amount of Peanut Butter to the toy may help the Puppy feel comfortable.

Step Two: Feeding your dog meals in his crate

  • If your Puppy is not entering the crate when you begin Step Two, place the food dish far back where he will likely go.
  • If the Puppy remains reluctant to go, place the bowl only as far inside as it initially went when he became comfortable. Every time you feed the Puppy, try putting the Puppy’s food back in the crate until he gets used to it.
  • Once your Puppy sits comfortably to eat, you can close the door while the Puppy eats his kibble. As the Puppy finishes his meal, open the crate door with each successful feeding.
  • If they begin to whine about being let out, you may have increased the length of time too quickly. Next time, leave the Puppy in a crate for shorter periods, and if the Puppy still does not stop whining, don’t let the Puppy out of the cage until the crying stops. Otherwise, the Puppy will learn that the way to get out of the crate is to whine, so they’ll keep doing it until they get your attention.

Step Three: Practice with more extended crating periods

After your dog eats in the crate with no fear or anxiety, you can confine them there for short periods while you’re home, so you will see if he is getting accustomed to the crate.

  • Calling the Puppy over to the crate and giving them a treat helps so they know when you call them, they will be offered a treat which will make crate training easier.
  • Giving your Puppy a command to enter the crate, such as “kennel,” will encourage the Puppy to go in with a treat.

Extended Crate Training 

  • After your Puppy enters his crate, praise them by giving them a treat, and close the door.
  • Sit quietly near the Puppy for five to ten minutes, leave for 10 minutes, return, sit quietly for a few more minutes, then remove the Puppy from the cage.
  • Repeating this process several times a day while gradually increasing the times the Puppy is in the crate will help the Puppy adjust to his routine.
  • Once the Puppy is quietly relaxing in his crate, leave him for about thirty minutes with you primarily out of sight, then begin leaving the Puppy crated when you are gone for short outings, including at night. 

Step Four: Crate your dog when you leave home.

Once your Puppy shows that he can spend thirty minutes in the crate without becoming upset or afraid, you can start leaving the Puppy crated for short periods when you are not home.

  • Place the Puppy in the crate using your regular command and a treat. You might also want to leave the Puppy with a few safe toys.
  • Vary the moment you put your dog in the crate during your “getting ready to leave” routine and see what happens. The Puppy should never be left in a cute long before you go out. It’s best to place the Puppy in the crate just before you leave.
  • Try not to make your departures emotional and prolonged; praise your dog, give them a treat and leave quietly.

Step Five: Crating your Puppy at night when all have gone to bed. 

Putting your Puppy in bed using your regular command and a treat might help the Puppy go to bed. Placing the crate beside your bed frame may be an excellent choice if the Puppy is crying. Many puppies might need to be eliminated at night, and you’ll want to hear your Puppy whine about being able to take them outside to make sure not to soil his crate. 

When Puppy is Comfortable in his crate

Once your Puppy is home and comfortable sleeping through the night with the crate next to your bed, you can gradually move it to another location of your choice. However, the time you have spent with your Puppy sleeping in your room has created a bond between you and your pet, helping him feel secure and happy.

How do Vaccinations work in protecting your Puppy from diseases? 

They help fight diseases caused by viruses or bacteria and help Stop infections from continued use. When your puppy receives his vaccine, his immune system will start producing antibodies to protect against viruses and bacteria that cause disease in puppies. Once your Puppy gets infections, the antibodies built in the Puppy’s body will help destroy viruses and bacteria immediately; it is vital to vaccinate your Puppy.

Why Do Puppies Require many Vaccines? 

Puppies receive antibodies from their mother’s milk that help to protect the newborn puppies from disease during their first months. Giving your Puppy Vaccinations is vital until they are sixteen weeks old or older. 

DISTEMPER 

This virus is a highly contagious disease in dogs and quickly spreads. Signs can range from a bad cold and fever to severe diarrhea, including vomiting, seizures and pneumonia. 

HEPATITIS in Dogs

Hepatitis is a severe viral disease affecting a dog’s liver, kidneys, lymph nodes, eyes and other organs. The virus can spread through an infected animal’s stools or urine at a park or on the grass at home. Signs of the virus show up in a dog as high fever, no hungry, and very thirst. In some cases, there is bloody diarrhea present in the animal. Hepatitis is severe in very young puppies. 

LEPTOSPIROSIS 

Dogs may, on occasion, develop lung disease, which can cause difficulty breathing. Leptospirosis will cause internal bleeding, vomiting, often urinating, stool or saliva infections and nosebleeds. Red spots are visible on the dog’s gums and light-coloured skin.

PARVOVIRUS 

Dogs become infected with Parvo-virus through the stool sample of an infected dog or in contaminated environments. The virus is brutal to treat and remains infectious in the background for a long time. Puppies are most affected and susceptible to parvovirus. Parvo-virus can cause severe bloody vomiting and diarrhea. Fatalities occur mainly in young puppies less than 12 weeks old, and prompt veterinary care is vital to recovery.

BORDETELLA (Parainfluenza)

Also known as Kennel cough is a stubborn respiratory infection that can keep dogs coughing for weeks or months without proper intervention. Bordetella disease isn’t usually Fatal unless pneumonia develops in a dog. 

RABIES 

All warm-blooded animals are susceptible to Rabies. The condition usually spreads when an infected dog bites another dog or a person. The virus that attacks the nerve tissues causes Rabies, where the disease develops. Rabies is a threat to people and animals. It is vital to give your dog Rabies Vaccine when they are young.

LYME DISEASE 

This disease is a complex illness to threat wild and domestic animals like dogs and cats, but it can also affect humans.

POTTY SCHEDULE 

 The Puppy will need to go outside and eliminate after each meal:

  • Morning as soon as the Puppy wakes
  • Again after eating in the Morning & Evening
  • When the Puppy wakes up from an afternoon nap
  • When Puppy is playing
  • As soon as he comes out of his crate at anytime

Signs of a puppy that needs to eliminate will start sniffing and circling. When you cannot be with your Puppy, they must be left in a playpen where they will be safe and have paper to eliminate. Puppies can easily choke on bones, stuffed toysbed insulators and blankets, so be very careful and buy only good quality toys, bones and not blankets with an insulator as the Puppy can choke! 

Puppy Feeding Needs

  • Water & food bowls
  • Dog food
  • Dog food storage bin
  • Dog food scoop

Walking Supplies

  • Collar
  • ID tag
  • Leash
  • Waste bags & dispensers

Sleeping Aids

Training Supplies

  • Dog crate
  • Crate pillow or pad
  • Potty training pads
  • Dog treats
  • Dog door
  • Poop Scoop

Basic safety needs

  • Dog first-aid supplies

Puppies Play 

  • Plush toys
  • Chew toys
  • Fetch toys
  • Rubber toys
  • Rawhide chews

Travel

Wellness

  • Dog-calming & stress-reducing products
  • Dog dental care
  • Dog vitamins & supplements
  • Flea & tick treatment

Grooming tools

Introducing a New Puppy

Introducing your New Labradoodle Puppy

Your new Labradoodle Puppy will probably feel apprehensive as the Puppy will miss his mother and litter mates where the Labradoodles Adoption took place. To make this transition stress-free, allow the Puppy to explore his new surroundings. Children should be careful that the new Labradoodle Puppies in Ontario need lots of love and rest; therefore, the Labradoodle Puppies should not be over-handled as they are so small and need rest. Introduce older pets slowly to the new Puppy with close supervision, especially with young children present.

We are identifying what a Puppy will need. 

Puppies will need care, love, and patience. When bringing the new puppy home, time is required to identify its needs which should be considered and decide what the Puppy’s needs will be vital. Caring for a puppy is a great way to help teach children how to be responsible and compassionate toward the Puppy. Getting the whole family involved in caring for your new Puppy is essential, so everyone has a role in helping Puppy’s care. When planning for your Puppy’s care, make sure to consider the following:

  • Walks. Who will walk the Puppy, and when?
  • Playtime. Who will be playing with the Puppy, and how often?
  • Feeding. Who will feed the Puppy? What will they provide? How much food? How often to feed them?
  • When training the Puppy Schedule, who will clean you after the Puppy and clean up when the Puppy eliminates? Also, who will take the Puppy outside and when? 
  •  So, you have decided to Groom the Puppy. Who will bathe the Puppy to ensure his fur is brushed and clean, and how often will it be? Who will brush the Puppy’s hair? Clipping its nails?
  • Vet Care. Who will be the Pup’s veterinarian? How soon will a veterinarian see the Puppy?

Getting Supplies

Before bringing your new Puppy home, you should ensure the Puppy’s needs and make sure all of the following items below are on hand before bringing your puppy home:

Selecting commands to use when training your Puppy

Please make a sure family in your household agree on training commands and the behaviours that should accompany them. Use the word “sit” when Puppy sits down.

  1. Sit Command. Sitting Command means the dog’s hips are on the ground while the shoulders are upright. The dog should remain in position until asked to get up.
  2. Come. The Command in dog training means stop what you’re doing, ignore distractions, and go directly to the owner.
  3. Down Command. In dog training, the down Command means to have the dog lie down on the floor and stay in that position until you ask the dog to get up.
  4. Stay. A dog should Remain in the Stay position while the trainer walks away, and the dog does not move until asked.
  5. Release. The word Release asks the Puppy to move up from its place.  
  6. Yes. A verbal YES lets the dog know his actions are correct.
  7. Good Dog/Good Boy/Good Girl. Praising your dog means the commands that ask them to move from his position.
  8. Leave it. Telling the Labradoodle Puppy to “leave it” means not touching the food on the floor or other sounds like a dog barking outside. 
  9. Outdoors. The word “outside” is to ask your dog to eliminate outdoors.
  10. Go to bed: He requests the Puppy to go to his crate or bed.
  11. Dinner. This word, or the phrase, “Are you hungry?” signals that it’s time to eat.
  12. Go for a walk. It’s time to go for a walk.
  13. Get it. Please get your ball, toy, or newspaper.
  14. Bring it here. Bring me your ball, toy, or newspaper.
  15. Drop it. Spit out what’s in your mouth.

Establish rules for children

To ensure your Labradoodles Puppy and your children get along, you should establish rules for your children to follow. Children need to understand that the Puppy may be afraid and confused by its surroundings, so the children need to be gentle with the Puppy to help him feel relaxed. You can model this behaviour with your kids when they are holding the Puppy and talking calmly.

Prepare the Puppy’s environment

Ensure that the Puppy’s bed, food, water bowls, and toys are all available when the Puppy arrives. Make the Puppy not get into hazardous items, such as it might reach, chew or destroy, such as a favourite pair of shoes, your daughter’s doll, or exposed wires.

Why Is My Puppy Lethargic

Why Is My Puppy Lethargic?

Signs and symptoms Why is my puppy Lethargic can appear with many Health and Wellness issues in Puppies, especially if your pup is acting tired. The only way to determine the cause is to get treatment from a veterinarian to examine the puppy. Continue reading to understand more about weak puppies and how you can detect the possible sources of lethargy in puppies and get immediate attention when necessary.

Lethargy in Puppies?

Signs of Weakness in a puppy is a lack of energy. So, what does that mean for your young puppy? It’s crucial to distinguish if your puppy is genuinely lethargic (which could indicate a medical issue) or if he is just tired.

It may be challenging to make that distinction, but you know your dog better than anyone. Recognizing when your dog is lazy and being proactive helps your veterinarian give your dog the best care.

Differences Between a Lethargic Dog and a Tired Dog?

A lethargic puppy is unusually inactive and not interested in getting up. The severity of lethargy can vary from moving slowly to having no interest in walking or playing.

Tired puppies may feel sleepy but are easily roused and ready to pop up if they hear the treat jar or the leash jingle.

What is Normal when a puppy is Lethargic?

If you have taken a long walk or had a lot of exercises (especially in the heat), your puppy may sleep for hours afterward. If your puppy has been at daycare or a boarding kennel, they may be excited and on alert and then come home and sleep.

Suppose there was no activity or exertion; would that cause your puppy to sleep more or be more tired than usual? 

In that case, it might be a case of lethargy, and the puppy will need to see a veterinarian immediately.

When born, puppies need more sleep and spend most of their time eating and sleeping. However, puppies are very easy to wake up; if it is difficult to wake up a puppy, they will need to see a vet immediately. They may not hear well, so they might not wake up as fast when you come in. Once they do, the puppy should be awake and ready to play as long they are not lethargic.

What Causes Dogs to be Lethargic?

The causes of lethargy in dogs can be different for every dog. The most common causes of inactivity are Infections, including parvovirus, distemper, kennel cough and leptospirosis. There are also diseases like heart, liver, diabetes, and hypoglycemia. Medications include newly prescribed drugs or a new flea or worm product.

Dogs of All Ages

Dogs of any age can become sluggish with any sickness, such as an infection or injury. Low thyroid levels can cause lethargy in dogs.

Making sure your dog is not feeling well early on and getting treated by veterinarians before symptoms worsen can make a difference in his well-being. Early detection is vital to help your dog get his strength back quickly.

Puppies

Puppies, when young, can suffer from hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), which can cause incredible weakness. It is the most common issue in tiny puppies and pups less than four months of age. Their tiny livers don’t have the strength to help increase blood sugar, especially if the puppy is not eating and feeling energetic.

When moving to a new home, puppies don’t eat well when adjusting to their new home or have eaten something they shouldn’t have, which would cause their appetite to decline.

In Senior Dogs

Older dogs are sometimes affected by arthritis and other joint conditions that cause pain and inflammation. Dogs tend to hide their pain, so if your dog is not eager to get up and do what they usually do, you should talk to your veterinarian to get them some help.

Older dogs are also more prone to internal organ problems, such as tumors or heart problems which cause a real lack of energy; this may be the first symptom you see before calling a veterinarian to investigate the issues.

How soon should a Vet be called if you suspect your dog is Lethargic?

You must call a veterinarian if you are worried about your dog’s health as he is feeling weak and not acting like he usually does. Get him checked by your veterinarian immediately.

Symptoms to look out for which are signs of an emergency:

Pale gum colour can indicate the dog has internal bleeding that can lead to a life-threatening issue)

Abdominal that looks Distended (can be a sign of bloat or other abdominal problems, like blockage)

Labored breathing or blue or purple tongue colour (often due to heart or lung problems that need urgent medical attention)

Shaking

If your dog is weak and trembling, it is commonly a sign that they are in pain. It may not be noticeable where the pain may be, but it’s a sign that your dog is in pain and needs immediate care by a Vet. Sometimes a dog is unsure of his feelings and moves as little as possible, so they don’t hurt themselves.

There could also be spinal pain caused by an inflamed disc or another neurological issue. Soft tissue injuries or gastrointestinal problems can often cause the dog to be weak. 

Not Eating

Feeling no hunger in puppies is also a symptom of hyperglycemia, but not eating, combined with lethargy, means that the dog needs medical attention and should not be ignored for more than 24 hours.

Labored Breathing

It is often a severe symptom that needs to be recognized early. There is a difference between panting and labored breathing. With breathing, you will see your dog moving belly muscles up and down rapidly and with force.

Shallow breathing can be caused by several conditions that need to be treated as soon as possible by a veterinarian:

Heart failure

Asthma

Fluid in the lungs or abdomen

Laryngeal paralysis (a serious problem with the larynx)

Severe pain

Airway blockages

Drooling or Vomiting

If your dog is weak and drooling, it could mean they are nauseous or have ingested a toxic substance. It’s essential to check the environment to see if it could have eaten contaminated food found on the ground. If your dog is Drooling, it can induce vomiting, which can be many issues.

Upset Stomach

Dogs may have an upset stomach if they eat rich foods (which can lead to severe pancreatitis) or swallow a stuck object. If a dog is so afraid that they are acting listless and uncomfortable, the puppy must be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

How Do Vets Treat Lethargy in Dogs?

When the dog arrives at the Vet office, he will first do a physical exam and check your dog’s gum colour, if the dog is hydrated, check vital signs with the heart and lungs, and do abdominal palpation to check if it is palatable, and also check the spine and joints.

Diagnostic Imaging

They will next recommend diagnostic testings by starting bloodwork and followed by x-rays. These tests will help the Vet thoroughly by checking all body organs to determine if there are serious issues. 

The tests’ benefits rule out certain diseases or problems, which is crucial information to help find the issues. Like human physicians, veterinarians cannot always find an answer for every patient. 

Still, vets know what to look for as they have studied the profession.

Veterinarians will offer specific treatments such as pain control, fluids if a dog is dehydrated, antibiotics for infections,anti-nausea drugs if your dog is vomiting and Probiotics to help stomach enzymes. 

Your severely ill dog must get treatment early before the issue becomes an emergency.

are you thinking of buy a dog

Are you thinking of buying a Labradoodle?

Are you thinking of buying a Labradoodle? Everyone with a Labradoodle will tell you how good-hearted and docile they are. Who can withstand the charm of a Labradoodle puppy, the feeling of successful training when your dog sits when you ask it to sit, or the tail wagging just for walking?

However, remember that a dog could live for approximately 10-15 years, and it should be a thought-through decision. So take reasonable procedures to consider the expense, time and size of your home and any allergies your household might have, in addition to the temperament, size, exercise requirements, life expectancy and typical health concerns of each type.

How To Choose a Young Labradoodle puppy

Here are our top things to consider before choosing a dog that is right for you.

1. The annual cost of care for a Labradoodle is $1,000.00 approximately.
2. Be sure to consider extra expenses when bringing a pup house.
Emergency a veterinarian sees can be costly, so consider that before bringing your friend home.
3. Training a pup will take time and patience. So, if you don’t have time to dedicate to a little puppy, think about adopting an older, house-trained pet through your regional animal shelter.
4. Take your time if you’re considering embracing a brand-new canine.
Talk with the staff at the shelter, make sure your brand-new puppy satisfies all the members of your family, and, many of all, ensure you have the time and space to make sure your fur baby can live his best life with you!
5. Always, always, always get your animal purified or neutered.
Pets who get this treatment live much healthier and longer lives, and it prevents contributing to the currently frustrating population of animals who need houses.
6. Before bringing your pet dog home, ensure you have all the necessary supplies!
It consists of pet dog food, treats, bowls, toys, and a training cage.
7. An appropriately fitted collar needs to be on your list for your new pup. You can get lots of leads for walking your Labradoodle puppy, including harnesses, as the best choice will depend on each pet dog’s requirements.
8. Identification tags are essential for your puppy, and so is micro-chipping to ensure you never have to worry about losing your best furry friend.
9. The puppy will need his teeth brushed daily, too!
Ensure you have a toothbrush on your list of supplies before bringing your dog home, and NEVER use human toothpaste. Ask your veterinarian for a unique toothpaste made simply for your Labradoodle!
10. Ensure to brush your puppy’s teeth daily the same way you brush yours.
11. Make sure to examine your canine’s gums and teeth regularly. The puppy’s gums should always be pink, not white or red, and teeth must be clean.
12. Safe chew toys can assist your pup’s oral health while helping his desire to munch.
13. There is a long list of plants that might be possibly hazardous to your family pet, consisting of tulips, lilies, and chrysanthemums, so ensure you refer to this list when puppy-proofing your house!
14. Be cautious of the yard and gardening products also. Insecticides and mulch can be detrimental to your puppy’s health, too.
15. One of the primary steps in bringing your Labradoodle home and setting up a visit to a veterinarian, so your pup has the proper vaccinations.
Needed vaccinations are essential to ensure his health is cared for, so contact your vet to schedule your puppy’s exam!
16. Ensure to factor time into your day for your pet to get adequate exercise!
Each pet’s exercise requirement differs, but “healthy adult dogs require at least thirty minutes of aerobic workout twice a day.”
17. Pets must remain interested, so get your puppy a puzzle toy like the Kong to keep him happy, especially when he’s alone.
18. Laundry cleaning agents can hurt your dog, especially the laundry pods that can burst and enter his eyes, triggering ulcers and infections like conjunctivitis.
19. Many toxic foods are deadly to a dog; Avocados, grapes of any type, chocolate, whether dark or milk, garlic and onions are also on the top list of foods that are harmful to your Labradoodle.
20. Other dangerous home products include fabric conditioner sheets, antifreeze, and mothballs.
Be sure to describe the complete list of hazardous products to ensure your home is puppy-proof!
21. Constantly examine your pal for fleas and ticks, especially throughout the warm months!
There are flea and tick medications, so go over ideas on type or brand with your veterinarian.
22. Be aware that heart-worm is a parasite that resides in the heart, transferred from animal to animal by the mosquito. Heart-worm infections can be fatal, so discuss heart-worm options with your veterinarian. You can provide a pill to the dog once a month, safeguarding him from disease.
23. Start training your puppy as soon as possible!
Dogs enjoy learning new tricks, and training your brand-new puppy will give you a special bond. Consider registering your puppy for training sessions so the trainer can guide you through helping your puppy become a dedicated and obedient dog.
24. Consider correct nutrition when selecting food for your pet!
Her dietary needs will differ depending on her age, but proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins are necessary for your pet dog’s diet.
25. Every breed has different grooming needs, but fluffy dogs like Labradoodles need to be groomed every four months depending on the length you like. Find out the time required to groom your dog and research designs before bringing a puppy home.
26. Get your puppy to have her feet touched since you’ll need to trim her nails weekly.
If her nails get too long and break, they can trigger a great deal of pain and infections. If you are uncomfortable trimming his nails, call your vet or groomer to complete it.
27. Your canine’s nails should “just about touch the ground.”
28. It is vital to bathe your pet a minimum of every three months, possibly regularly, if he invests a lot of time romping outdoors.
29. Winter season is tough on your puppy’s paws; you will need rock salt and ice melt to keep the path safe from falls. It can cause “sores, infections and blisters on the dogs’ paws, so be extremely careful about the quality of salt is used. There are pet friendly salts available.”
If your dog has a habit of licking his paws after stepping on the salt, and if he ingests it, it can be a harmful toxic chemical, so make sure to secure your puppy’s paws during the cold months. Try little booties to keep his feet healthy and safe when outdoors.
30. Same goes for the summer season months,
like bare feet on the hot pavement; your pup’s feet are very delicate to heat, so be cautious where he puts his paws on a hot surface.
31. If you have a curly dog, comb and trim paw hair to avoid painful matting.
32. If you’re starting a brand-new exercise program with your pup, start slowly.
His paws may be sensitive initially and might become chafed or cracked, particularly when running or hiking.
33. Keep your canine’s eyes gunk-free by checking them and carefully swabbing with a cotton ball.
If your puppy has a discharge, soreness, or consistent runny eyes, he may need to get checked by a vet to rule out an eye infection, so keep a close eye on him!
34. The ears, too, need to stay clean!
The curved part of a pet’s inner ear provides access to “parasites, bacteria and yeast.” Floppy-eared types, in particular, are vulnerable to these kinds of ear infections. Your pup’s grooming and upkeep must consist of routine ear checks; however, cleaning his ears infrequently so that it does not cause infections! Also note that regular bathing and swimming can trigger inflammation, and never place anything into your dog’s ear canal.
35. Your pet will require a warm and safe place to sleep at night and ensure he is comfortable and happy.
Consider getting a crate or a dog bed to ensure your puppy bed is set up with you at night if you’re trying to find a cuddle friend and bond with your furry friend.
36. DO NOT leave your pet outdoors. If you’re bringing a puppy home, ensure he stays securely inside your home. Leaving a dog tied up outside “threatens the dog’s health and wellness and the safety of other animals and human beings.”
37. Keep the Animal Poison Control hotline in your contacts. They are available 24 hr a day in an emergency and will direct you through the required steps to keep your animal safe.
38. On hot days, leaving your dog inside is best.
Even with cracked windows, a vehicle can get alarmingly overheated and leaving your canine outside for too long is also damaging.
39. Ensure your Labradoodle has constant fresh water (not from the toilet bowl!).
Change the water “often to guarantee freshness” and clean the bowl daily to avoid the “development of bacteria.”
40. Tip: If your pet dog keeps knocking his water bowl over, buy a bowl with a weighted bottom!
41. Most of all, make sure you offer your new friend lots of love!
Getting a pet takes some time and persistence, but the love that your brand-new buddy will give you in return deserves every last second.

We invite you to shop for Everything your puppy needs for a great start including Crates, Food, Treats, Accessories, Feeding Bowls, Health, Grooming, Training Aids and Toys!

www.barkavenuebycucciolini.ca

27 foodsthat are badfordogs labradoodles by cucciolini

27 Toxic And Dangerous Foods To Avoid Feeding Your Dogs

The comprehensive list of 27 Toxic and Dangerous foods to avoid feeding your dogs.

There are also reasons why they are forbidden to consume. Most dog owners know ingesting chocolates is very toxic for their dogs. But did you know there are more foods you should avoid feeding? Not only can these foods cause significant health issues, but they can also be extremely dangerous to your canine companions.

The good news? You can avoid all when preparing and storing food.

Chocolate

Chocolates are, for sure, the most loved and enjoyed; their savory taste is delicious, but unfortunately, for our loved furry friends, that is not the case.

Chocolate, especially the dark varieties, consists of theobromine and is potentially hazardous to dogs. 

All Types of Chocolates

It is in all types of chocolate, but in darker varieties, there is a higher amount. Unlike humans, dogs cannot metabolize theobromine as quickly as we do. If untreated, it will lead to a buildup of toxins in the dog’s body.

Your dog may display symptoms like extreme vomiting, diarrhea, increased thirst and a disrupted heart rhythm. It is fatal in some situations.

Garlic And Onion

Avoiding Garlic, onions or any plant species from the “Allium” family as they can be very toxic to your furry friend. These include chives, leeks, shallots, and other varieties.

While Garlic and onions add flavour to our food, they are NOT suitable for dogs. 

Ingesting them will damage red blood cells and create a condition known as hemolytic anemia. Simply put, the red blood cells are broken down and destroyed utterly.

Anemia

Hemolytic anemia symptoms can range from being unable to breathe correctly to excessive weakness and extreme vomiting. If left untreated, the dog will collapse from a lack of oxygen as the red blood cells cannot carry enough oxygen throughout the entire body.

Avocado

While avocados are considered a high-protein food for humans, your dog should stay away from them as they could make the dog very sick.

Avocados are the worst foods for your dog to consume.

Why? 

First, the pit of avocados is a choking hazard. Second, an Avocado contains the chemical Persin in large quantities in the fruit leaves, bark, and seeds. It is highly toxic and, when offered to your dog, can be detrimental to his health. The amount of people is very high. Keep your dog away if you have an avocado plant in your backyard.

Grapes And Raisins

Although the reason is still unclear, grapes and raisins are considered risky in dogs. Scientists have suggested if consumed could lead to kidney failure, even in minuscule amounts.

Family

Ensure that the entire family knows the consequences these fruits can have on your dog’s health. Always be around children when eating them as it is playing with the dog.

Vet Care

If your dog ends up accidentally consuming them, he could display signs of being hyper for the first few days and fall into a state of being lethargic. If your dog has finished grapes or raisins and displays these signs, ensure you take him to the vet immediately, as it can affect his kidneys quickly.

Persimmon

Persimmons are not found in Canada & US as they are in Asia. There appear to be certain native varieties that will grow well in California, where there is the continued sun.

Researchers suggest that persimmons contain a chemical that, when consumed, will react with the stomach acids and create a glue-like mass that can destroy or obstruct the dog’s intestine. The seed and pit of the persimmon could also cause intestinal blockage.

So if you notice pits and seeds in your dog’s poop, take them to a vet.

Cooked Bone

Could bones be harmful to your dog? Dogs have always been lovers of bones.

If you are looking to treat your dog with a bone, you need to ensure the bone is not brittle, as cooked bones usually are and are very dangerous to dogs as they can get lodged and cause significant issues. 

Splinters

The splinters can break off easily and damage your dog’s teeth, not to mention pierce an intestine and can get logged in their throat.

There are much safer and healthier options, such as raw bones or bones as treats.

Sugar-Free Human Food 

Can Sugar-free human products be healthy treats for dogs? No, You’re mistaken. Avoid sugar as the ingredient in Xylitol in these sugar-free sweet treats, which is highly toxic to dogs. The ingredient Xylitol is a sweetener that humans consume, such as candies, mentos candy, Jell-O, Chewing Gum, Peanut butter and many others.

Xylitol

If ingested, Xylitol causes your dog’s insulin level to increase, decreasing its blood sugar level quickly. It causes hypoglycemia that badly impacts your dog’s liver—the symptoms of liver failure can range from being sluggish to vomiting and seizures to balance.

It can be fatal if not treated and immediately seen by a vet.

Apple Seed

Are you aware that apple seeds can be toxic to your beloved dog? The answer is a big YES, as the casing of the Apple seeds contains a natural chemical that will release cyanide when a dog digests it.

It could poison the dog slowly and cause a weakened digestive system. When offering pieces of apple to your dog, get rid of the casing and seeds while offering small bite-size pieces.

Coffee

Why can coffee give you energy when consumed in the early morning? The reason is the caffeine in coffee is what gives power. However, if your dog was to sip coffee accidentally, it can be dangerous. It can lead to a rapid heart rate and may, lead to Heart palpitations and muscular tremors.

Macadamia Nut

Many cookies and candies contain macadamia nuts, and as harmless as they may seem, they are not suitable for your dog. Research has shown that even tiny amounts are enough to make your dog sick. If ingested, watch for symptoms of the dog feeling lethargy, weakness, and depression. 

Accidents

If your dog accidentally consumes these nuts more significantly, it could display signs of poisoning ranging from hypothermia to life-threatening tremors and more severe issues. However, the symptoms of consuming macadamia poisoning may not surface until 12 hours later, so it is vital to keep an eye on your dog and schedule an appointment to see a vet if issues get worse. 

Raw Eggs

Studies on feeding dogs raw eggs highlight the number of protein dogs can receive from them. However, there is a high risk of food poisoning if your dog consumes a diet of raw eggs as they may contain Salmonella or E.coli bacteria, which can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Most commercial eggs arrive coated with wax, harmful chemicals that help keep the eggs looking fresh. Raw eggs contain the same nutrition as cooked eggs, so it’s best not to risk your dog becoming sick. So, why take the risk of causing severe issues?

Fatty Foods

Do you feed your dog table scraps? You should avoid offering fatty foods, like bacon, ham, and meat trimmings, to your dog. These kinds of food lead to unnecessary weight gain in dogs and harm the dog’s digestive system. Also, they are high in fat and could cause pancreatitis in dogs, with symptoms including vomiting, belly pains and extreme diarrhea.

Salt

These types of meat have a high salt content that will disrupt the balance of a dog’s stomach. Your pup will tend to feel thirsty and drink more water than it should. It will also lead to bloating, which can be fatal.

Cheeses

We all have fed our dogs a piece or two of cheese on l occasion. All dogs lack an enzyme that breaks down milk products. Many dogs are lactose intolerant and should be on a Lactose-Free diet which will help with digestive issues like bloating and diarrhea. The dogs will exhibit many gastrointestinal issues when dogs consume milk products such as cheese, curds, and butter. Also, cheese is high in fat, which can also lead to pancreatitis in dogs. So, it is best if you avoid it.

Sugary Foods

There is also a theory that if your dog is not consuming Candies, Sweet Treats, Gummies or spoonfuls of sugar in her diet, it could create the same damage if not eaten enough as the body needs. Sugar moves through body cells via blood in a form called glucose. Also, dogs can get a sugar high that can cause them to be hyper and not focused.

Sugar is Dangerous

When the sugar high is over, they will experience a sugar drop that will cause sleepiness, creating irritability and mood swings. These highs and lows can harm their liver and cause diabetes in your dog. So, read all labels and don’t give your dog too much sugar.

Chewing Gum

When we talk about Chewing Gum or a child’s favourite gummy, dogs should not consume them as they can cause many issues. The reason is why Chewing Gum can cause bowel obstruction consumed by your dog.

Gum is Toxic

Also, most Gum contains Xylitol, a highly toxic sweetener to your dog’s health. If your dog accidentally swallowed Gum, it could experience liver failure, so it is vital to take him to your vet for investigation. Always keep all gummy candies and sweet treats far away from your beloved dog.

Yeast

Avoid rising dough bread on the kitchen counter as dogs are known to prop up and investigate what smells so good. Your dog has mastered the art of grabbing healthy treats from above, no matter how high, but if he ingests dough bread containing yeast, it could be a hazard to his health.

Dough 

Yeast can cause issues with your dog as he will start feeling boated as the dough continues to rise, even in his stomach. Also, your dog will experience pain as the dough expands, which may cause a blockage within his intestines.

Corn On A Cob

While corn continues to be the most used filler in dog food and treats, it is best to avoid corn on the cob as it causes high sugar and stomach bloating. Firstly, it is a choking hazard for dogs.

Secondly, it is best to keep a lookout to ensure the dog is not ingesting the actual cob after eating the corn. These could lead to blockage in the intestines and also cause digestive issues. A few inches of cob could be a problem, as I need help correctly viewing it in an X-ray.

Salty Foods

When feeding your dog, ensure to buy salt-free food as it is unhealthy for your dog’s health. Many people think that popcorn and pretzels are the culprits to your dog’s stomach issues, but the real culprit is the amount of salt that popcorn contains. A dog consuming salt in its diet can cause sodium ion poisoning in the blood. Dogs will urinate more often and feel thirstier as a result. Symptoms can range from diarrhea to seizures and elevated body temperature to bloating.

Cat Food

Feeding your dog cat food is not advisable. Cat food is explicitly for cats as it has high amounts of protein and can be digested better in cats. These amounts could be much higher than your dog can tolerate, so it is best to avoid them altogether.

Raw Fish

Fish contains an excellent source of Omega-3 fatty acids but be careful when feeding your furry friend, as salmon and trout can be toxic to your dog. Salmon carries a parasite named Nanophyetus Salmonella. This parasite is a type of bacteria that is fatal to dogs. Signs of salmon poisoning in dogs will appear within six days of eating the infected fish. 

Symptoms

The symptoms may include no appetite, Fever, Diarrhea, Lethargy, Vomiting, and Dehydration in dogs and can be fatal if left untreated for more than one week. So, if you plan to offer your dog salmon with rice for a weeknight dinner, please think twice before you do. However, you can cook salmon at high temperatures to kill the parasite.

Liver

Feeding your dog or puppy too much liver can affect his bones and muscles. Although the liver is a dog’s favourite treat, it can also contain liver extracts, but be careful not to feed a high amount as it can cause nutritional problems. The liver has higher amounts of Vitamin A can lead to toxicity or hypervitaminosis in the body. Three servings of cooked liver given to a dog per week can cause issues with his bones. 

Symptoms of hyper-vitaminosis can cause bones to deform. It can also cause weight loss and anorexia. If your dog has any symptoms, have the dog seen by your vet immediately.

Mushrooms

Mushrooms are poisonous as they are in humans; if you consume the wrong types, they can impact your pet dog. Feeding them a variety of mushrooms could lead to slow poisoning. Some varieties of mushrooms are highly toxic. 

Chives

Chives add a punch to bland foods but are one of the worst foods you could offer your pet dog. Whether raw, cooked or powdered, they are highly toxic for your dog to eat. Chives are known to contain both disulphides and sulfoxides that lead to anemia and cause damage to the dog’s red blood cells.

Peaches And Plums

Just like Persimmons, Peaches and Plums are unsafe and toxic to dogs to consume whole unless you core and chop them up yourself and remove the pit, which is highly toxic. The pit casing and the seeds release cyanide when finished. The dog cannot remove the hard nut from the fruit while eating it. To avoid a painful intestinal blockage, remove peaches and plums when they fall from your trees.

Tomatoes

A tomato plant’s vines, stems, and leaves contain an alkaloid atropine that can make a dog very sick if ingested in large amounts—the symptoms they cause range from Drooling, Weakness, Constricted Breathing, Diarrhea, Constipation and Paralysis. Avoid offering ripe red tomatoes to your dog.

Alcohol

Absolutely No! Getting your dog drunk and watching it entertain you and your friends on the weekend is not funny or acceptable. Alcohol, when ingested, can have a moderate to severe impact on the dog’s nervous system and disrupt the balance. 

Baby Food

Baby food contains traces of onion or garlic powder, which is toxic to dogs. Always refer to the nutritional dog food label before feeding your dog. Also, dogs and puppies have different nutritional needs. Puppy food does not contain the kind of nutrition that your dog needs. It might be deprived of its essential requirements to grow.

Final Thoughts – Not All Foods Are Safe For Your Dog

Now that you know the type of food you should avoid giving your dog, we can only hope you do your best to provide better alternatives as treats. While looking to reward good behaviour, you could limit them to once or twice a week and look to buy Treats that are one ingredient, so it will be easier to rule out allergies.

The best possible food is always a healthy home-cooked meal with minimal spices and much love. 

We invite you to shop for Everything your puppy needs for a great start including Crates, Food, Treats, Accessories, Feeding Bowls, Health, Grooming, Training Aids and Toys!

www.barkavenuebycucciolini.ca

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Puppies Growth

Everyone loves cute puppies – young and old alike. Puppies are cute and totally adorable, exactly the same words we use when describing babies! Puppies are incredibly similar to babies!

  • They are part of our family
  • We agonize over the names we give to our puppies
  • A puppies health is of prime concern and just as with babies we ensure that they are vaccinated against disease
  • Puppies whine when they are hungry, thirsty, hot, cold, uncomfortable, distressed or lonely
  • They require considerable attention
  • We feed them special food for puppies
  • We provide them with toys for puppies
  • We ensure they have their own bed, and their own space within the home
  • We have to teach them acceptable behavior and social skills
  • We even teach puppies our language!
  • And as they get older we often send them to puppy schools!
  • We worry about them if they become sick
  • Puppies in their turn look on as as their surrogate mother, litter companions and the leader of their pack (or family)

Once we understand the role of puppies within our family their particular requirements become incredibly clear – as does the role we are expected to play in their lives!

When will my puppy stop growing?

Physical maturity is reached at different ages, depending largely on the size of your dog. Little dogs stop growing much sooner than big dogs.

The chart below will give you an idea of what I mean. The squares that are left blank indicate that the dog has stopped growing by that point.

puppy-growth-chart-bark-avenue-by-cucciolini

The chart above will also give you an idea of what you might expect your puppy to weigh at different stages in his development.

Again, this is closely linked to the size of the breed he belongs to.

But if this is just a rough guide, how will you know for sure if your puppy is underweight or overweight, or just right?

And what exactly do I mean by Toy, Small, Medium, Large and Giant. Let’s look at the size categories first.  I’ve picked examples of a well known breed in each category to give you an idea.

Toy dogs

The example given here is based on the growth rate of a Toy Poodle.

Dogs of this kind of size and weight typically stop growing somewhere between 6 and 8 months of age, but the vast majority of their growth is complete by around six months of age.

Small and medium dogs

The example given of a small dog is based on a Miniature Schnauzer. The medium dog is an English Springer Spaniel.

Bear in mind that Springers come in a wide range of sizes, from very small working bred dogs to the larger chunkier show type.

We’ve picked a moderately sized Springer for the purposes of this illustration.

Small to medium sized dogs tend to have completed their growth by around the end of the first year, with close to their adult height reached by around nine months.

Again, this is not set in stone. Just a rough guide.

Large Dogs

In this example the growth rate of the large dog is based on the growth rate of a moderate sized German Shepherd Dog.

Most larger breeds will finally complete their growth somewhere between 18 and 24 months, though they may be close to their adult height by their first birthday.

Giant Dogs

Our Giant Dog is a Great Dane. Some giant breeds reach even greater weights than this and grow for even longer.

Some giant breeds will continue growing for up to three years.

Again, these are general guidelines. But the general rule is this: the larger the dog, the longer he grows for.

Breed size is not the only factor influencing growth. Gender has a role to play too.

Differences between male and female puppies

Our graphs and charts show an average dog. Male dogs are usually a little heavier and larger than female dogs of the same age and breed.

So females may be lighter than our chart suggests, and males may be heavier.

These differences can be quite substantial in adult dogs from the larger breeds, but are less noticeable in smaller breeds and in very young puppies.

Piling on the pounds?

Remember also that some dogs will carry on growing for a little longer than the guidelines above.

But if a dog is still piling on the pounds long past the point where other dogs of his size has stopped growing, you need to ask yourself some questions, such as “am I overfeeding my dog” and maybe get him a check up with your vet.

While gender may affect your dog’s final size, there is nothing you can do about it.

There are quite a few factors though that can affect how fast your puppy will grow or long your puppy will grow for, which are at least partly within your control. They include:

  • Neutering
  • Diet
  • General health

How neutering affects growth

Neutering affects the final size of your dog because your dog’s sex hormones are involved in telling your dog’s body to ‘stop growing’.

A dog neutered before he stops growing, may carry on growing for longer because he lacks the sex hormones to switch off that growth. So a neutered dog may end up taller than his entire brothers or sisters.

This continuation of growth is not to the dog’s advantage and may predispose the dog to joint problems. Several quite large recent studies have shown that neutered dogs are more likely to suffer from cruciate ligament tears and from hip dysplasia.

You can find out more about this in my articles on neutering.

Weight gain?

Many experts believe that neutering may also impact on your dog’s appetite, though not everyone agrees on this.

I found my own male dog required less food after neutering, but that my female dogs did not seem to be affected. But I have only neutered a few of my dogs so it isn’t a good sample.

In any case neutering should not affect your dog’s body weight in any way provided that you adjust how much food you give him according to how he looks and feels. (More on that in a minute).

Feeding and growth

Despite the fact that the impact of neutering is not relevant if you adjust your dog’s food intake accordingly, many people really struggle with this.

Which brings us to the role of diet in your puppy’s growth and development.

Underfeeding puppies

Not many puppies are underfed these days, but it does happen. More often, puppies are malnourished because people are feeding them inappropriately, rather than simply not feeding them enough.

Sometimes this is a cultural thing. For example, in some societies people eating vegetarian diets for religious reasons are reluctant to feed their dogs any form of meat.

This can lead to puppies being fed an inappropriate diet of vegetables and grains. Poor growth and other health problems are likely if puppies are not fed a balanced diet suitable for a carnivore.

We tend to think of malnutrition as being feeding the wrong things or starving a puppy, but overfeeding is a form of malnutrition too.

Speeding up your puppy’s growth rate

Sometimes people ask me if it is possible to speed up their puppy’s growth rate or make him grow bigger.

The answer is yes, it is, but it is not necessarily a good thing.

An underfed puppy may benefit from overfeeding for a while, though this needs to be done with care if you want to avoid digestive problems.

But a healthy puppy that is fed more than he needs will simply get fat.

PUPPY DEVELOPMENT STAGES WEEK BY WEEK

This is your window into the world of puppy growth and development. We begin on the day your puppy is born.

Week 1

Your puppy is born fully furred but with his eyes and ears closed so he cannot hear or see. His front feet are strong and he can pull himself towards his mother with them.

He can cry if he is uncomfortable and his mother will respond to his cries by moving him towards her and licking him.

Your puppy spends most of his time sleeping or suckling. If orphaned he’ll need feeding by hand every two hours!

He cannot regulate his own body temperature and needs his mother for heat, or an artificial heat source.

If he is going to be docked, this procedure will take place in the first two to three days. In the first week to ten days of his life your puppy grows rapidly and will double his birth weight.

Week 2

During this week, your puppy’s eyes will start to open. He probably can’t see very much yet. His forelegs are getting much stronger. He’ll continue to grow rapidly, adding 5-10% of his body weight.

The puppies’ mother is constantly attentive, only leaving her babies to eat or for toilet purposes.

She licks the puppies bottoms to stimulate a bowel or bladder movement and eats the result. There is no cleaning up to do yet.

The breeder will begin to handle the puppies more though, and get them used to human contact. She will worm the puppies for the first time at the end of this week.

Week 3

During this week a lot happens. Puppies begin to get their personalities.

Your puppy can stand and sit up by the end of the week. Tails can be wagged, ears will be completely open and puppies start play growling and interacting with their litter mates.

Your puppy can regulate his body temperature more effectively and will start to cut his first teeth in preparation for weaning.

The front teeth, canines and incisors are cut first. Toward the end of the week he may have his first tiny taste of puppy food.

Week 4

This is the week that puppies become really active and strong on their legs, and play actively with one another. They also start to move away from the sleeping area to empty their bowels and bladder. They may try to climb out of the whelping box.

The puppies’ mother will start to spend more time relaxing away from the puppies. She will gradually stop cleaning up after the pups, that is now the breeder’s problem!

If she lives indoors, she may rejoin the family for more of each day.

Your puppy will cut his back teeth and the breeder will get weaning underway this week and by the end of it, your puppy will be getting quite a bit of his nourishment from puppy food. She will also worm the puppies a second time.

If the mother is allowed near the puppies after she has been fed, she may regurgitate her dinner for them. This is completely natural and normal.

Week 5

Your puppy can now really run and play. He is a proper little dog. Rolling around with his brothers and sisters and playing with toys.

He can bark too and some puppies can be quite noisy at this age! He chases after his mother whenever she appears and suckles hungrily, but she is starting to get fed up with it, and may be reluctant to feed her brood for very long.

His mother is teaching him not to bite too hard. And his breeder is introducing him to lots of new experiences so that he won’t be afraid of them later.

If he lives in outdoor kennels he should spend part of each day indoors with the family.

Week 6

By the end of this week most puppies are fully weaned, and eating five or six little meals of puppy food each day.

Your puppy may still suckle from his mother, but he doesn’t need to.

From now on, a small breed puppy may gain around 5 ounces a week in weight, whereas a large breed puppy puts on a massive 21/2lbs.

Week 7

Some puppies go to their new homes towards the end of this week – many puppies show the beginnings of fearfulness at this point and will startle or jump at strange sounds an sights.

Socialization must begin in earnest. Your puppy’s mother continues to teach him bite inhibition when she visits him to play.

Week 8

This is normally the week when your puppy leaves his first home and joins his forever family.

He is now two months old and ready for his new life. From now on, we’ll be looking at your puppy’s development month by month, from three to eight months.

Month Three

From eight to twelve weeks is a very important period for puppies. It is the time during which they become fearful of anything unfamiliar and need to be thoroughly socialized.

It is also the time during which most puppies get to grips with house training, learning to wait before eliminating and start sleeping through the night without a potty break.

It is a busy time for new puppy owners. Your puppy will have his vaccinations during this month.

Biting can be a big problem during this stage and you need to be patient and consistent in order to teach the puppy not to hurt people when he plays.

Provided you use force free methods, this is a great time to get puppy training under way, and especially to teach a puppy recall, and to get your puppy used to working with food. You’ll be feeding him four times a day, and/or using much of his food in training

Handle your puppy all over, every day. If he is a long coated breed he will need regular grooming and although he won’t have much coat yet, now is the time to begin.

Month Four

Most puppies can drop down to three meals a day at twelve weeks old. This means slightly larger meals, so watch your puppy doesn’t get an upset tummy.

And at twelve weeks, if you take a small breed puppy’s weight in pounds, divide it by his age in weeks, and then multiply by the number of weeks in the year, you will have a rough idea what your puppy’s final weight as an adult will be.

So, for a 2.5lb puppy at twelve weeks the formula will be (2.5/12) X 52

Calculate the bit inside the brackets first. You can do the same calculation for medium pups at sixteen weeks and large breed pups at 20 weeks – just divide his weight by his age in weeks before you multiply by 52.

From twelve to sixteen weeks puppies start to lose that very young puppy ‘look’ and more closely resemble a miniature version of their adult selves. Medium to large pups will reach about half their adult height by the end of the month.

Puppies under four months don’t need formal walks, just lots of opportunity to play and run around in your garden or yard.

If the weather is warm you can get your puppy swimming now.

Most dogs swim instinctively, but don’t allow brachycephalic puppies to swim unsupervised – some are not able to swim at all.

You’ll enjoy training your puppy now as he is getting more attentive and can concentrate for longer. He should be able to come when he is called, in and around your home, provided there are not too many distractions.

He’ll probably understand sit, touch your hand on cue, and perhaps be able to sit in his basket for a few seconds when asked. It all depends on what you have taught him.

Month Five

Your puppy will start losing his baby teeth from around four months of age. He’ll probably have a more adult coat by the end of this month.

He may still be chewing a lot and biting too. Use frozen kongs to help him and give your furniture and fingers a break.

Puppies can go for short walks now. By the end of this month your puppy could have a twenty minute walk each day. He may also enjoy fetching a ball and playing with other dogs, but take care to stop before he gets very tired. And don’t walk brachycephalic puppies very far, or in warm weather.

This is the month during which some puppies start to become less dependent on their humans for security. Keep your puppy close to you outdoors by changing direction frequently so that you puppy has to keep coming to find you. And engaging him in games.

Reward your puppy generously for ‘checking in’ with you on walks. The foundations of a great recall are often build or spoilt during this month.

If your puppy knows how to sit or lie down at home, start some simple proofing exercises with him in public places. And start teaching him to ‘stay’ for short periods of time.

Month six

A healthy puppy can usually manage on two meals a day from around six months. During this month a Retriever, Spaniel or GSD puppy will reach around two thirds of his adult weight.

A Great Dane and other large breeds will have reached about half their final weight and little dogs will have almost completed their growth.

Some female dogs will come on heat for the first time during this month, or the next, so keep an eye open now for swelling of her vulva and any discharge.

Your dog will become increasingly confident over the next few months so practice, practice and practice that recall! Make it a habit he cannot break. And be generous with your rewards.

Month Seven

By the end of this month, your puppy will have all 42 of his adult teeth and be looking quite grown up. Small breed pups may now be more or less mature.

Your puppy will enjoy half hour off lead walks now, and should be able to walk on a loose lead for short periods with plenty of encouragement and rewards.

Keep practicing that recall! Teach your dog to recall away from all kinds of interesting things such as ‘other people’, other dogs, frisbees, etc.

Month Eight

Unless you have had your puppy neutered he now has plenty of sex hormones zooming around his system.

These help to slow his growth further and to build his confidence.

Make sure you practice good outdoor management on walks to maintain the good recall you have built and work hard on thoroughly proofing all his obedience skills.

Nine months and beyond

Many female dogs will be neutered once they have completed their first season. Read our information on neutering before you take this important step, for dogs of either sex.

Once your dog is a year old he can participate in more strenuous activities and sports.

Now is the time to think about the kinds of activities you would like to do with him – go jogging together for example – and if necessary, to start to get him fit.

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